Rekovac


The municipality of Rekovac is located in the middle of Serbia, in the southeastern part of Sumadija, between the Gledicke Mountains in the west and Juhor in the east.

The settlement of Rekovac, center of the municipality of the same name in the Pomoravski district, is located 30km southwest from Jagodina, on the river Dulenka, in the hilly area which is famous under its historical name Jevac. From the west, the high slopes of Gledicke Mountains rise and from the southeast the foothills of Juhor Mountain. The entire Levac is streaked with little rivers, rich with water.

Rekovac is located in Levac which spreads over the midlle part of Serbia and the southeastern part of Sumadija. This area, in the shape of a funnel, between the Gledicke Mountains and Juhor Mountain is surrounded by rivers Dulenka, Gruza, Lepenica, Belica and Temnic.

The territory of the municipality is 366km2 large.



History


Levac is mentioned as a district as early as in the charters of Simeon Nemanja and Stefan the First Crowned in Hilandar monastery, at the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century, as well as in the hagiography of St. Simeon (Nemanja) by Sava Nemanjic. According to these sources, Levac was part of the country of the Great Prefect Stefan Nemanja. The old Serbian village of Rekavice is first mentioned in written sources of Turkish authorities and tax documents from 1595 as Rakovac. After the liberation from the Turks, Rekovac became part of the principality of Levac which in turn was part of nahiye of Jagodina. It gained the status of a small town in 1886.

Levac is mentioned in Serbian history at the end of 12th century, during the rule of Stefan Nemanja who in 1183 liberated Levac, Lepenica and Belica from the Byzantines. There are several interpretations of the name Levac. One folk tale says that the name was given due to the location – the settlement is situated on the left side of Great and West Morava. It is also mentioned Prince Lazar was the “godfather” for the name. This interpretation is acceptable because of the location, since Levac is situated on the left side of Morava, but it cannot be possible that Prince Lazar, who lived in the 15th century, gave the name to Lovac, which is mentioned as early as 12th century. According to another interpretation, Levac is named like this because it is surrounded and sheltered by mountains, or, how it is said by the people, the town is “levacan” (best translation: “like a funnel”). The third interpretation of the name is about the overall appearance of the area. Namely, Levac is surrounded by mountains, watched from above, it looks like a funnel (Serbian “levak”), and by modifying the word the name turned to Levac. The last, the fourth interpretation says that Levac area is known for orchards and vineyards, and for the common transfusion of rakija and wine, a funnel (levak) was used, so again, with the modification of the word, Levac came to be.

Cultural monuments from different periods, not just from Serbian history, are important characteristics of this area: a settlement from the Neolithic era at the foot of Blagotin hill, seven medieval towns, Kalenic monastery, old churches in Velika Krusevica, Oparic, Preradovac. The capital of this economically undeveloped region is Rekovac, a small town which formed along the regional road Kragujevac – Krusevac.




Distict: Pomoravlje

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