Secanj


The municipality of Secanj has a irregular conical shape, and it spreads over an area of 523 km2 and has 11 settlements.

It is located in a mild continental climate belt which is characteristic for Banat, with some features of steppe continental climate. The average yearly temperature is 11.2 degrees Celsius. The average yearly relative humidity is very small (77%), as is the average yearly rainfall (598mm/m2).

This is one of the most likely places where the southeastern wind kosava will dominate.



History


On the territory of the municipality of Secanj, there is a large number of valuable cultural/historical, religious and monuments of architecture and archeology. Of architectural monuments, the following should be mentioned: Serbian Orthodox church “Vaznesenja Gospodnjeg” in Jarkovac from the second half of the 18th century, Serbian Orthodox church “Sveti Nikola” in Jasa Tomic from 1746, built in the Roman style, Catholic church in Jasa Tomic from 1911, Serbian Orthodox church in Banatska Dubica from 1789, Serbian Orthodox church in Surjan from 1940, built in the place of an older church from 1835, Romanian Orthodox church in Neuzina from 1815, Catholic church from 1834 and the Vojnogranicarska building erected in the second half of the 19th century in the settlement of Boka, Serbian Orthodox church in Konak from 1804, Danijela Ladislava palace from 1884 (today an elementary school) with a big garden with oak and gink trees (protected natural good) in Konak.

On the territory of the municipality a large number of valuable archeological monuments is recorded: 1) “stara Barda” site – between Surjan and Boka, on the left side of river Tamisa, where there are numerous prehistoric findings from the Neolithic era; 2) “Govedareva humka” site in Surjan – the settlement originates from the Neolithic era; 3) “Sibova humka” site in Surjan – prehistoric settlement where fragments of Vatin ceramics were found; 4) ”Stari vinogradi” site in Banatska Dubica where fragments of ceramics, baked earth, animal bones, stone axes and a grave with human bones were found. The findings belong to the Starcevo culture, Vinca Tordos and Badem culture; 5) Prehistoric copper axe, found around Sutjeska river, is located at the National Museum in Zrenjanin; 6) numerous mounds in Jarkovac from the Prehistoric age and the Middle Ages; 7) sites in Jasa Tomic: “Bavsaniste”, “Bekerlov budzak”, “Janjin budzak”, “Mundzerov budzak”, “Beliste”; 8) site in Krajisnik, late medieval settlement; 9) “Kremenjak” site in Boka from the Neolithic era.

A number of monuments of the older history is also registered: Monument to the fallen volunteers of WW1 from 1920 and a monument to the killed priests of 1848, built in Jarkovac in 1929; tombstones from the church’s porta in Jasa Tomic; two tombstones in the shape of a cross with Serbian writings in Konak from 1792 and 1793. Monuments to the culture of the more recent history mostly belong to NOR and are located in almost all of the settlements of the municipality.




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